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San Bernardino Police Avoid DOJ Investigation by Claiming Black Man They Shot Had a Gun


Antonio‌ ‌Ray‌ ‌Harvey‌ ‌|‌ ‌California‌ ‌Black‌ ‌Media‌

The officer-involved shooting of 23-year-old Rob Marquise Adams in San Bernardino on July 16 has put the spotlight on a law that requires state prosecutors in California to investigate such incidents.

Authored by Assemblymember Kevin McCarty (D-Sacramento), Secretary of the California Legislative Black Caucus, Assembly Bill (AB) 1506 requires the California Department of Justice (DOJ) to investigate “incidents of an officer-involved shooting resulting in the death of an unarmed civilian.”

While an investigation would appear to be warranted in the Adams shooting case, DOJ stated in a July 22 email to California Black Media (CBM), “We’re aware of the incident. However, our office is not currently involved under AB 1506. At this point, local authorities are best-positioned to comment on the matter.”

That’s because the San Bernardino Police Department (SBPD) is claiming Adams had a gun, so an unarmed civilian was not involved.

Adams was shot multiple times in the back while running away from SBPD officers. The officers arrived in an unmarked sedan after receiving information that a Black man armed with a handgun was in the parking lot of a business known to house an illegal gambling operation.

Adams ran toward two parked vehicles with the gun in his right hand, according to a video statement SBPD Chief, Darren Goodman posted on the department’s website. “The cops briefly chased Adams, “but seeing” that Adams had no outlet, “they believed he intended to use the vehicles as cover to shoot at them,” Goodman said, describing his understanding of the events that preceded the shooting.

While SBPD says that Adams had a gun in his hand as he ran from the officers, the attorneys for the Adams family, Bradley C. Gage, and civil rights lawyer Ben Crump say he was holding his cell phone.

Gage said, “There are millions of Black men so any one of them could be a suspect. When you’re holding a cell phone it could look like a gun especially when you think it’s one.”

“They needed it to be a gun because God help them if they shot an unarmed man running away,” Crump said of the officers who shot Adams.

Adams’ mother, Tamika Deavila-King, said the shooting was not necessary and the officers’ version is untrue. “I’ll say it again, it was not a gun. I have proof on my phone the exact time that they killed my son that I was on the phone with him.”

As of July 1, 2021, it’s been DOJ’s responsibility to investigate officer-involved shootings that result in the death of an unarmed civilian. A published public report on each investigation must be released, pursuant to AB 1506.

DOJ states on its website that “when an officer-involved shooting occurs, transparent and open communication is critical to maintain public trust.”

Currently, Attorney General Rob Bonta and DOJ have 21 officer-involved shootings under investigation in jurisdictions such as Anaheim, Salinas, Fontana, Adelanto, San Francisco, Fresno, Bakersfield, and Los Angeles and Riverside counties.

More than 42 law enforcement officers are being investigated and their cases are under review for potential criminal liability, according to the DOJ.

The DOJ recently opened up an investigation of a San Bernardino County Sheriff’s deputy who shot and killed an unarmed man in Adelanto on June 21 following a vehicle stop.

DOJ said in a written statement. “Following notification by local authorities, the California Department of Justice’s California Police Shooting Investigation Team for Southern California deployed to the scene of the incident. Alongside other law enforcement partners, the California Department of Justice is investigating.”

What concerns the Adams family, according to their attorneys, is from what they viewed in the video shared widely on social media, is that Adams appeared unaware that police officers were in the unmarked car. Adams could have believed that he was about to be robbed or attacked.

The officers’ version of the events declares that when they exited their vehicle, they gave Adams verbal commands before opening fire. He immediately ran toward “two parked vehicles with the gun in his right hand,” Goodman said.

The gun the police recovered at the scene of the shooting, was a black 9mm Taurus G3C with a round in the chamber, and 10 rounds in the magazine

Goodman said SBPD is conducting an administrative investigation to ensure department policies and procedures were followed. He also stated that the SB County District Attorney’s Office responded to the scene and is conducting a parallel investigation, which is ongoing.

“Our goal is to be transparent with the community and share as much information as possible when critical incidents occur,” Goodman said. “It is unfortunate that our efforts to keep the community safe through proactive police work occasionally results in encounters with armed felons. Our officers face this danger daily in an effort to help make our community safer.”

Goodman asks the public and the media to allow his department to complete its investigation and gather all the facts. Adams family lawyers say they will file a lawsuit on behalf of the Adams family.

“Make no mistake about it, this is not the first time that we’ve seen them unjustly kill a young Black person. They shoot first and ask questions later,” Crump said. “And then after they assassinate our bodies…they then assassinate our character. They’re going to say all kinds of lies and innuendos to say, ‘Hold on, Rob wasn’t worth it.’ Well, we want you to know that Rob’s life mattered.”

Honors Set for Earl “Skip” Cooper After 50 Years of Service to the BBA



On August 30, L.A.’s Black community will be giving retired Black Business Association (BBA) President Skip Cooper his flowers for five decades of service in the African American business community.

Cooper who was named president of the BBA in 1976—a title he held until he announced his retirement in January—has been at the forefront of advocacy in the Black business community since, establishing training, networking, and procurement partnerships with some of the largest corporations and government agencies in America, including the U.S. Small Business Administration and Southern California Edison.

“He’s all about promoting Black businesses”, said Tarrance Frierson, head of SCE Supplier Diversity and Development. He’s never missed an opportunity to make sure people know that Black businesses exist, that they are quality businesses, and that they make significant contributions throughout California and the nation.”

GLAAACC founder Gene Hale characterized Cooper as “an invaluable asset to the community.”

Cooper’s mission was prompted by a promise he made to God during his service in Vietnam.

“I promised God that if I made it back home, I’d make a difference.”

The Oakland native who’d been impressed by business since he had a paper route as a boy knew exactly how.

“My commitment was to Black business and Black folks,” said Cooper. “I told God I wanted to be an expert in that because that was in my DNA. I knew I was going to be a force.

Founded in 1970, the association is the oldest, active, ethnic business support organization in California. Headquartered in Los Angeles, the non-profit has been committed to ensuring that Black and other diverse business owners benefit from advocacy efforts to impact and implement policy, that improves access to contracting and procurement opportunities with the public and private sector, in addition to providing access to financial resources.

Activities also include annual salutes to Black history, Black women and Black music, as well as its twice-annual veterans’ procurement conference. There are also plans to launch its first e-commerce venture: a Black business-shopping guide.

Said Cooper, “It is and always will be a true commitment and my special purpose in life of serving African Americans and business owners, in addition to others. My legacy is that I was always committed to helping folks.”

Among those set to celebrate Cooper later this month are L.A. Sentinel Publisher Danny Bakewell, Sr. and GLAAACC President Gene Hale and current BBA President Sarah R. Harris, who took over at the helm of the group in January.

Pasadena Mourns the Death of John J. Kennedy


D.T. Carson

Heartfelt tributes poured in from everywhere after hearing of the sudden death of beloved Pasadena District 3 Councilmember John J. Kennedy.

Ironically, Kennedy, 61, had just been reelected to his seat in June with a 58.9% victory over his challenger, Brandon Lamar.

In a statement released by the City of Pasadena, Kennedy was lauded for his tireless service since 2013.

“Our hearts are heavy today as we share news of the passing of beloved District 3 Councilmember John J. Kennedy. Councilmember Kennedy was a long-standing staple in our community and he will be greatly missed.

“During his tenure on City Council, he was chair of the Public Safety Committee, served on the Finance Committee, and was one of three City representatives to the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority. He served on a variety of local boards, including the Community Health Alliance of Pasadena, the Pasadena Police Foundation, and the Tom Bradley Legacy Foundation at UCLA. He was an ardent supporter of affordable housing, paying workers a liveable wage, and hiring locally.

Said Pasadena Mayor Victor Gordo, “John Kennedy loved Pasadena and the people of Pasadena. He worked hard every day to make Pasadena a better place for everyone. He dedicated himself to helping others, and we are all better off because of his efforts. his was a life well-lived.”

“While we are all deeply saddened by the sudden loss of our friend and college, John Kennedy, we should always remember and celebrate his many accomplishments and contribution to our city and beyond.”

At the request of Mayor Gordo and City Council, flags at all City facilities were lowered to half-staff in tribute to Kennedy, who was born and bred in Pasadena.

“His love of the city of Pasadena was palpable, and his dedication to public service and to his city is unparalleled,” noted L.A. County Supervisor Kathryn Barger.

In lieu of flowers, the family has requested that contributions be made to a scholarship fund held in the name of the Kennedy family at the Pasadena Community Foundation.

Information about services for Kennedy was forthcoming.

Michelle Obama to Release Second Book



Kisha Smith

“When we are able to recognize our own light, we become empowered to use it,” writes Michelle Obama in her new book, The Light We Carry, the follow-up to her critically acclaimed, #1 bestselling memoir Becoming.

Obama announced the book November 15 release on Instagram, posting “Like so many of you, I’ve spent a lot of time these past few years thinking about how to keep myself centered in a world filled with so much uncertainty. That process of reflection actually led me to start writing again—and today, I could not be more thrilled to tell you about my new book, The Light We Carry.

“This book,” she continued, “is a collection of stories and practices that have helped me sort through all the challenges and questions that keep us up at night: How do I know I’m good enough? How do I bring my whole self to the table? How can I overcome my fears?”

Drawing from her experiences as a mother, daughter, spouse, friend, and First Lady, she shares the habits and principles she has developed to successfully adapt to change and overcome various obstacles—the earned wisdom that helps her continue to “become.” She details her most valuable practices, like “starting kind,” “going high,” and assembling a “kitchen table” of trusted friends and mentors.

An initial printing of 2.75 million copies reflects just how successful Penguin Random House—who has worldwide publishing rights— believes the 336-page book will be. Her first book, Becoming, sold more than 17 million units. The Light We Carry will be published simultaneously in 14 languages and 27 countries around the world. An audio edition—read by Obama—will also be available.

L.A. County Establishes $2 Million Pilot Program in Leimert Park to Stabilize Small Black-Owned Businesses


Lisa Collins

The L.A. County Board of Supervisors passed a motion on Tuesday that will set aside $12 million from the American Rescue Plan Act to establish an Anti-Displacement Commercial Property Acquisition Program (Program) to prevent the displacement of small businesses located in areas at high risk of gentrification.

The motion—which passed unanimously—was introduced by Supervisor Holly J. Mitchell.

“Businesses are the anchor of local communities. They create local jobs and wealth-building opportunities for diverse residents,” said Mitchell, who noted that 60% of L.A. County’s 1.3 million small businesses were owned and operated by people of color.

“Rising rents and real estate speculation are causing displacement for many vulnerable small businesses, especially those in gentrifying communities of color,” Mitchell continued. “This motion directs the Department of Economic Opportunity to establish a new countywide strategy to stabilize small businesses led by people of color and other marginalized populations.”

While the program is intended to preserve commercial corridors in communities of color, $2 million is specifically targeted to the program’s launch in Mitchell’s home community of Leimert Park, where rising rents have pushed out small Black-owned businesses over the years and efforts by business owners to purchase property on its main drag—Degnan Boulevard —have fallen through.

“Through this pilot acquisition, we are preventing the property from being gentrified by a commercial real estate speculator,” Mitchell explained. “I believe in the strong community benefits of this deal and the ability of the key partners to implement it.”

The Leimert Park pilot is led by the nonprofit black owned and operated community land trust put together by Sole Folks owner Akil West and business developer Prophet Walker, and underwritten by the community development finance institution, Genesis L.A, which was established in 1998 out of the office of former Los Angeles Mayor Richard Riordan.

West and Walker had been working to secure a deal to purchase an 11,000+ square foot building located at 4317-4331 Degnan Boulevard that houses six businesses—including Sole Folks, the Hot and Cool Café and EsoWon Books for over $6 million. Plans included transforming the property into a complex with ground-floor retail space, 35 apartments and a rooftop restaurant. Their biggest challenge had been securing all of the funding.

The county program—and the money it guarantees—will ensure that the group secures the already partially funded property that was in escrow at $6.5 million and is now expected to close in the coming days.

Added Mitchell, “Any future redevelopment of the property in Leimert Park acquired and owned by the community land trust is not only required to provide below market commercial rent, but it also requires affordable housing at a robust community engagement process before and if any redevelopment of the land can occur.”

The efforts of Walker and West to preserve the cultural enclave that is presently enjoying a resurgence—thanks in part to the opening of a Metro station and the refurbishing and ultimate reopening of the Vision Theatre —will serve as a model to scale in other not yet identified areas of highest need across the county.

“The whole point”, Mitchell concluded, “is to support Black small businesses who get priced out of the market— to help stabilize their businesses by guaranteeing ownership of the buildings and a part of the contingencies is to make sure they are protected at a rent rate they can afford.

“The time is so critical because the city has invested millions of dollars in the refurbishing and ultimate reopening of the Vision Theatre and public dollars for the opening of a Leimert Park Metro station. We talk a lot in our community about gentrification in the context of home ownership, but it’s about black businesses too, and to join those others in providing ownership for this building in the hands of a black entity who have committed to maintain affordable rents for those black small businesses was our goal and we’ve accomplished it.”

Byron Allen Secures Winning Bid for the Black News Channel

D.T. Carson

Launched in 2020 by TV exec Bob Brillante and former congressman J.C. Watts— and funded by Jacksonville Jaguars owner Shahid Khan—the Black News Channel was dedicated to covering the unique perspectives, challenges and successes of Black and brown communities, but after two short years, the venture closed its doors.

The venture’s loss is now Byron Allen’s gain as the media mogul announced that the Northern District of Florida, Tallahassee Division of the United States Bankruptcy Court, issued an order approving the sale of “substantially all of” Black News Channel (BNC) “assets free and clear of all liens, claims, encumbrances and interests” to Allen Media Group after accepting his bid of $11 million.

Allen was, in fact, the only bidder for the channel that has carriage on traditional linear packages via Comcast, Charter, Cox, DISH, DirecTV and Verizon and will add upwards of 50 million subscribers to his expanding media empire which presently includes the Weather Channel, the Grio, and 36 TV stations.

“We are excited to have been selected to acquire the Black News Channel, which has approximately 300 million linear and digital subscribers,” said Allen, whose goal is to become the largest broadcast television group in America. “Allen Media Group will deliver a best-in-class network to serve the underserved African-American community and the advertisers who want to reach this extremely valuable audience. Also, we appreciate the opportunity to provide cable operators, satellite companies, telcos, and digital platforms diversity of ownership, voices, and viewpoints on their programming line-ups by having a 100 percent African-American owned network.”

California Commits $100 Million to Producing Its Own Insulin


Aldon Thomas Stiles | California Black Media

On July 7, Gov. Gavin Newsom announced that California will be the first state to produce its own insulin in an effort to drive down costs for diabetics statewide.

“On my first day in office, I signed an executive order to put California the path towards creating our own prescription drugs. And now it’s happening. California is going to make its own insulin,” Newsom stated.

Diabetes is recognized as the most expensive chronic condition in the U.S. According to data compiled by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 1 in 10 U.S. citizens live with diabetes, which is 8.8% of the planet’s known diabetes diagnoses, despite the U.S. only accounting for 4.25% of the world’s total population.

Black Americans are slightly overrepresented in the statistics. They are 15.5% of those diagnosed with diabetes while being roughly 13% of the nation’s population, according to the United Health Foundation. Black people are also 60% more likely to be diagnosed with diabetes, are 2.3 times more likely to be hospitalized for amputations associated with the disease and are twice as likely as Whites to die from it, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Dr. Karen Hansberger, the former Chief Medical Officer of the Inland Empire Health Plan (IEHP), explained that one of the reasons for the higher death rate for Black people with diabetes is they sometimes receive the diagnosis later in the disease progression, so by the time they see a doctor, some organs might already be damaged.

“Oftentimes, people of color don’t go to the doctor until their symptoms are really bad,” said Hansberger. “It’s harder for them to take off work and they face more difficulties when they do take off work.”

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) reports that 10.5% of California’s adult population has been diagnosed with diabetes with 16.9% of that number comprising Black adults. Black people represent about 6.5% of the state’s total population.

Californians with diabetes have been vocal about the high cost of insulin and state officials claim that monthly out-of-pocket costs for the life-saving drug can range from $300 to $500.

In 2018, insulin in the U.S. cost over 10 times more than in 32 other similarly developed countries, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

“Nothing epitomizes market failures more than the cost of insulin,” Newsom said. “California is now taking matters into our own hands. The budget I just signed sets aside $100 million, so we can contract make our own insulin at a cheaper price close to at cost and to make it available to all.”

The budget is split in half with $50 million going toward developing insulin products and the other $50 million dedicated to creating an insulin manufacturing facility based in California, according to the governor.

Newsom claims that this initiative aims to cut the costs of insulin and insulin products by at least half. “It’s simple. People should not go into debt to get life-saving medication,” he said.

Dr. Hansberger agreed that this could bring costs down but has reservations about the state’s ability to produce insulin well.

“There is a shortage of insulin just in general so having more providers obviously reduces cost,” said Hansberger. “Producing it is one thing but producing it at a very high quality is the second piece of it.”

Hansberger believes that the government should invest more energy in diabetes prevention for people of color, as it can be difficult getting access to fresh food in some communities of color.

“When I was the Chief Medical Officer in East Los Angeles, we had one area – a housing project – that had been cut off by all of these freeways,” said Hansberger.  “And for them to get fresh food, they had to take a 2 ½ hour journey. It was ridiculous.”

Hansberger stressed the significance of success for California’s insulin production plan.

“If the state of California is going to get into that business, they have to do that business well because people’s lives depend on it.”

However, she believes, in her experience, that governments “don’t necessarily do business well.”

Two other states, Washington and Maine have joined California, in establishing state-based efforts to disrupt the US pharmaceutical market and assure affordable and equitable access to essential medicines through public production. Each has passed legislation related to addressing insulin costs and access within their borders by having the state participate in manufacturing and distributing it.

On the national level, U.S. Senators Susan Collins (R-ME) and Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH) have introduced bipartisan legislation by way of the Improving Needed Safeguards for Users of Lifesaving Insulin Now (INSULIN) Act which would impose mandates on insulin providers and individual health insurance companies in the private sector to cap prices for products.

“The American Diabetes Association is proud to endorse the INSULIN Act introduced by Sens. Jeanne Shaheen and Susan Collins, legislation that stands to have a historic impact on the diabetes community by dramatically reducing the cost of insulin,” said ADA Chief Advocacy Officer Lisa Murdock during a press conference last month. “More than 37 million Americans have diabetes, and one-in-four insulin-dependent people with diabetes report rationing their insulin for economic reasons. We urge Congress to address the prohibitive and rising cost of insulin by passing the INSULIN Act.”

Editorial: Don’t Let Politicians Decide the Future of Journalism – Why We Oppose SB 911


Regina Brown Wilson and Sandy Close

What could go wrong when politicians in Sacramento decide the future of  journalism?

The California legislature could soon provide the answer.  SB 911 — authored by Senator Steve Glazer – is the subject of a debate on how $25 million in state surplus funds should be distributed to local and ethnic journalism. If it is passed, we believe the bill would drive a stake in the heart of the independent ethnic media sector.

Ethnic media takes pride in being rooted in their communities and sounding an independent advocacy voice — accountable to the communities ​they serve.  Back in 1827 the mission statement of Freedom Journal was proudly this: “We wish to plead our own cause, too long have others spoken for us.”

​As advocates of the ethnic media sector, we work with ethnic media practitioners every day.  Among our top objections to SB 911 is that it promotes a one-size-fits all model to local and ethnic journalism.

In fact, for many decades, most ethnic media have operated as for-profit businesses.  You can see on ​the mastheads – L.A. Focus, Sentinel, Voice, Guardian, Crusader — the call to our communities.  Mainstream media has often disparaged ethnic media ​as advocacy media,​ without understanding the unique role we play for our readers.

SB 911 is promoting a “nonprofit” model that would expressly forbid ethnic media from endorsing political candidates or lobbying for or against proposed legislation.  It would silence ​them!

SB 911 establishes a board of political appointees to administer state money that would be costly and time consuming to set up and would wind up determining the criteria for how government doles out support for local journalism for years to come.  Ethnic media might have two representatives on that board. But the majority on the pane​l would have no direct knowledge of the unique role of ethnic media or how ​they work.  The last thing ethnic media needs are people with little experience in their communities determining what kind of media those communities need.

This scheme puts ethnic media in a competition to gain the approval of a board of political appointees.  ​They would end up dependent on this board.   In fact, ​they would end up dependent on grants or government agencies instead of local communities that have long supported ​them.

As currently written, the bill would allow media startups – including many in the nonprofit space – that have operated for only one or two year to qualify for support.  This language fails to acknowledge the contributions made by established media that have worked for decades to serve their communities and sustain themselves.

SB 911 shines a spotlight on the dire straits many ethnic media find themselves in, especially following the business shutdowns from the pandemic, inflation, and a possible recession, let alone the demands of adapting to the digital world.  But we’re not prepared to greenlight the bill as currently written for the sake of whatever share of the $25 million the board bestows to individual outlets after their own admin costs are met.

We urge the legislature to consider far more productive ways of supporting the ethnic news sector much as it did with efforts promoting the 2020 Census when it increased the advertising dollars earmarked for ethnic media from $15 million to over $85 million, recognizing that only ethnic media could deliver truly inclusive outreach to the diverse communities that now make up the state.

Redirecting the $25 million to advertising or outreach on the many issues these communities now face is the best use of state funds.  Create mandates that steer a fairer share of marketing dollars for issues like the drought, housing, wildfires, climate change, or health care to our media sector and that will reach the underserved audiences the state needs to reach, rather than wasting time and money on a costly administrative process in the name of ethnic media.

The non-profit model works well only for a small number of ethnic media news agencies; they are convenors and informers of community, they fit the category of mission driven journalism, we applaud them for their work.

But one size does not fit all media, especially given the diversity of ethnic news outlets. Don’t ask ethnic media to transform ​themselves into a model that reduces ​their interdependence with community. “Too long have others spoken for us.” That’s what SB 911 does and why we must oppose it.

About the Authors

Regina Brown Wilson is Executive Director of California Black Media, the oldest advocacy organization supporting locally-owned Black media.

Sandy Close is Director of Ethnic Media Services and former Executive Director of New America Media/Pacific News Service.

Seven Initiatives Qualify for California November Ballot

Edward Henderson | California Black Media

The office of California Secretary of State Dr. Shirley N. Webber has qualified seven ballot initiatives for the November 8 statewide General Election. Seven is the lowest number of measures to appear on a statewide general election ballot since 2014.

One initiative is Senate Constitutional Amendment 10 (SCA 10). It is asking voters to safeguard a person’s right to reproductive freedom. To qualify for the November ballot, SCA 10 received the required 2/3 supermajority vote in each chamber of the Legislature.

The other six measures initiated by citizen groups are asking voters to decide on sports betting, funding K-12 art and music education, kidney dialysis clinic requirements, income tax to fund zero-emission vehicle projects, and a flavored tobacco products ban. To be on the ballot, the initiative proponents were required to gather a minimum of 623,212 signatures verified by county elections officials. June 30 was the deadline for the measures to qualify for the November ballot.

Two other measures could have qualified for the ballot but were withdrawn by their sponsors. An initiative to increase the cap on medical malpractice lawsuits was withdrawn when the sponsors reached agreement with the Legislature and Assembly Bill 35 by Assembly Majority Leader Eloise Gómez Reyes and State Senator Tom Umberg, was passed and signed by Gov. Newsom. An initiative to reduce plastic waste reduction was withdrawn after it was clear that Senate Bill 54 by State Sen. Ben Allen would pass. Gov. Gavin Newsom signed it into law in June.

Assembly Constitutional Amendment 3 (ACA 3), the California Abolition Act, which would have removed a clause in California’s Constitution that allows the practice of involuntary servitude as a means of punishing crime is not on the ballot because, while it passed the Assembly with the required 2/3 vote, it failed to get enough votes in the Senate.

Special interest groups have raised more than $370 million to convince voters to either pass or reject the initiatives. Over 88% of the money raised is for settling whether two sports betting proposals should be legalized.

The following are details on the fall ballot measures.


Proposition 1 – California Constitutional amendment to prohibit the state from denying an individual’s reproductive freedom

In response to the Supreme Court’s ruling to overturn federal protections for women seeking abortions, California lawmakers proposed a California Constitutional amendment to protect the reproductive freedom of women. Following the Supreme Court’s ruling, Gov. Newsom stated “Abortion is legal in California. It will remain that way. We will not cooperate with any states that attempt to prosecute women or doctors for receiving or providing reproductive care.”


Proposition 26 – Authorizes new types of gambling

This proposition would allow federally recognized Native American tribes to operate dice games, roulette and sports wagering on tribal lands. On-site wagering at privately operated horse-racing tracks in four specified counties for betters 21 years or older would become legal. Prop 26 also imposes a 10% tax on sports-wagering profits at horse-racing tracks and directs portion of revenues to enforcement and problem-gambling programs.


Proposition 27 – Allows online and mobile sports wagering

Currently, sports’ betting online is illegal in California. This proposition would allow Californians 21 and older to place bets online through federally recognized Indian tribes and eligible businesses like Draft Kings and FanDuel. Prop 27 is estimated to increase state revenues by tens of millions of dollars yearly and potentially direct hundreds of millions of dollars in fee revenue to housing services for homeless Californians.


Proposition 28 – Provides additional funding for arts and music education in public schools

This proposition sponsored by former Los Angeles Unified School District superintendent Austin Butner would require the state to set aside $800 million to $1 billion annually beginning in 23-24 for arts education in school. A greater proportion of the funds would be allocated to schools serving more economically disadvantaged students.


Proposition 29 – Requires on-site licensed medical professional at kidney dialysis clinics and other state requirements

This measure requires a physician, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant with six months’ relevant experience to be on site during treatment at outpatient kidney dialysis clinics. It authorizes an exemption for staffing shortages if a qualified medical professional is available through telehealth. Prop 29 prohibits clinics from closing or substantially reducing services without state approval and prohibits clinics from refusing to treat patients based on source of payment. This is the third attempt by SEIU United Health Workers West, a union representing over 100,000 health care workers and patients across the state, to pass the measure. Opponents of Prop 29 cite it would cost tens of millions of dollars annually for clinics to implement.


Proposition 30 – Provides funding for programs to reduce greenhouse gas emissions

Individuals with a personal income of over $2 million would receive a tax increase of 1.75% to raise between $3 billion to $4.5 billion a year to fund greenhouse gas initiatives. A majority of the funds would go toward incentives for Californians to buy zero-emission vehicles and build new electric charging or hydrogen fueling stations. 25% of the funds would go toward wildfire fighting and prevention initiatives.


Proposition 31 – Referendum challenging a 2020 law prohibiting retail sale of certain flavored tobacco products

This proposition sponsored by the tobacco industry, aims to overturn Senate Bill 793 signed by Gov. Gavin Newsom in 2020 banning the sale of all flavored tobacco products. A “yes” vote keeps the law and a “no” vote overturns the law.


California ballot measures require only a simple majority of the votes cast to be approved.

As new initiatives enter circulation, fail, become eligible for, or qualify for an election ballot, the Secretary of State’s office will issue status updates. The updates can be found here.

Study Finds the Everyday Wear and Tear of Racism on Black Couples

Stacy M. Brown / NNPA Newswire

      A new study has revealed growing evidence that everyday experiences of discrimination in general, and racial discrimination in particular, are associated with adverse relationship outcomes, including decreased relationship satisfaction and increased relationship instability and strain.
“The Relational Wear and Tear of Everyday Racism Among African American Couples,” published June 30 in Psychological Science, found that the wear and tear of adapting to chronic stressors such as racism and discrimination can have detrimental effects on mental and physical health.

      The authors from Cornell University investigated the broader implications of everyday racism for relationship quality in an adult sample of 98 heterosexual African American couples. According to the authors, participants reported their experiences of racial discrimination and positive and negative affect for 21 consecutive evenings.

      Using dyadic analyses, researchers found that independently of age, gender, marital status, income, racial-discrimination frequency, neuroticism, and mean levels of affect, participants’ relationship quality was inversely associated with their partner’s negative affective reactivity to racial discrimination.

      “Associations did not vary by gender, suggesting that the effects of affective reactivity were similar for men and women,” the authors noted in an abstract from the report.

      They said the findings highlight the importance of a dyadic approach and call for further research examining the role of everyday racism as a critical source of stress in the lives of African American couples.

      “These findings advance our understanding of the social effects of everyday racism and the various ways it can impinge on the interpersonal flourishing of African American couples,” Anthony Ong, professor of psychology in the College of Human Ecology (CHE) and professor of gerontology in medicine at Weill Cornell Medicine, told the Cornell Chronicle.
Ong led the study with co-authors Dr. Betül Urganci, Anthony Burrow, the Ferris Family Associate Professor of Life Course Studies in the Department of Psychology, and Tracy DeHart, associate professor of psychology at Loyola University Chicago.

      Approximately 100 Chicago area Black couples completed online surveys about their daily experience for 21 consecutive evenings, the Cornell Chronicle reported. Participants, on average, were 36 years old and had been in their current relationship for about seven years.

      The surveys measured aspects of relationship quality, including satisfaction, trust, and intimacy; the frequency and impact of experiencing 20 different daily experiences of racial discrimination, and how participants were feeling each day, ranging from “angry,” “ashamed,” and “dejected” to “cheerful,” “excited” and “happy.”

      “The team compared changes in reported moods and feelings – known as “affective reactivity” – on days when they did or did not experience discrimination,” the Chronicle reported.
“The researchers controlled for variables including age, gender, marital status, income and frequency of discrimination, as well as how easily stressed participants said they were typical.”

      The authors continued the results showed an inverse association between relationship quality and heightened affective reactivity to everyday racism.

      Regardless of gender, study participants said a partner’s anger, depression, or humiliation from a racist experience spilled over into their relationship. One consequence was lower levels of passion or intimacy.

      In addition, the effects were more significant when negative feelings intensified versus when positive feelings diminished.

      The Chronicle noted further that spillover stress impacts on intimate relationships had been widely reported. However, researchers said the new study is the first to analyze that process in the context of African American couples.

      They said the findings highlight the importance of considering everyday racial discrimination as an interpersonal phenomenon and suggest clinical interventions could be designed to help teach couples how to regulate responses more effectively to the strain of daily experiences.

       “These findings suggest more attention should be paid to the effects of racism-related stress in African American couples,” Ong told the Chronicle.

         “Among whom heightened affective reactivity to daily encounters of racial discrimination may reflect an embedded history of racism.”

      The authors stated that, relative to white Americans, Black people consistently report more experiences of unfair treatment and discrimination at every level of age, gender, and socioeconomic status.

      Moreover, the authors wrote that studies had documented consistent associations between reports of discrimination and various mental and physical health indicators among African Americans.

      Citing the daily data collected from African American couples as a critical strength of their study, the authors noted limitations, including potential memory bias in self-reported data, and called for further research.

“How African American couples respond to and are affected by each other’s experiences of everyday racial discrimination,” they wrote, “thus remains a critical direction for future research.”

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